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Tag Archives: Mistakes in using English

Vỡ ruột vì tiếng Anh – Phiên bản Ý – Anguished English [4]

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Clip by 2Fags2Furious on Youtube. Thanks for sharing.


Đau ruột vì tiếng Anh – phiên bản Việt Nam – Anguished English [3]

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Clip by haonhienvu on Youtube. Thanks for sharing.


 

Đau nhưng cần thiết. Để hướng tới sự chuyên nghiệp trong bất kể công việc gì, dù là nhỏ nhất.

Đã cân nhắc kỹ trước khi đăng clip này. Xin lỗi ca sỹ hát bài này. Bạn cũng chỉ là nạn nhân mà thôi.

Vỡ ruột vì tiếng Anh – Phiên bản “Thập cẩm” – Anguished English [2]

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DANH NHÂN, KIỆT TÁC, LỊCH SỬ THẾ GIỚI QUA NGÒI BÚT HỌC TRÒ:

The greatest writer of the Renaissance was William J. Shakespeare. Shakespeare was born in the year 1564, supposedly on his birthday. His father was Mr. Shakespeare, and his mother was Mrs. Shakespeare. He wrote during the era in which he lived. Actually, Shakespeare wasn’t written by Shakespeare but by another man named Shakespeare.

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Vỡ ruột vì tiếng Anh – Phiên bản Malaysia – Anguished English [1]

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Clip Oh My English! on Youtube. Thanks for sharing.


 

In a Tokyo Hotel:
Is forbidden to steal hotel towels please. If you are not a person to do
such thing is please not to read notice.

In a Bucharest hotel lobby:
The lift is being fixed for the next day.
During that time we regret that you will be unbearable.

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Cách tránh một số lỗi quan trọng – consistency – trong viết tiếng Anh – Avoiding shifts in writing English [2]

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Misfits and Bad Equations
(sometimes called “Mixed Constructions”)

Bài [2] này có một vài nội dung giống như bài [1], bổ sung thêm ví dụ minh họa.


Think of a sentence as a kind of mathematical structure, an equation requiring two parts: the subject, which is what any sentence is about, and the predicate, which is what we’re going to say about this subject. Sometimes we set up both in ways that are perfectly reasonable, separately, but when we put the two together, they just don’t fit.

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Cách tránh một số lỗi quan trọng – consistency – trong viết tiếng Anh – Avoiding shifts in writing English [1]

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Clip by Marvita Gowdy on Youtube. Thanks for sharing.


Writers should keep the elements in a sentence consistent, avoiding any unnecessary changes in tense, voice, mood, person, number, and discourse.  Such unnecessary changes, or “shifts”, may make reading difficult and obscure the sentence’s meaning for readers.

See more below:

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Cách viết tiếng Anh [và bất kỳ tiếng nào on earth] ngắn gọn, súc tích – Writing Clear, Concise Sentences

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Nếu bạn đã viết tiếng Việt ngon rồi thì không cần phải đọc bài này làm gì kẻo phí thời gian. Cũng giống nhau cả thôi. Tiếng nào cũng đến thế mà thôi.

Nếu không thì có thể xem thêm bài Nguyên tắc KISS trong viết tiếng Anh – Keep It Short and Simple và bài Làm sao để khỏi “dài dòng văn tự” – wordiness

Và cũng nên xem thêm bài: Cách biến hóa trong viết tiếng Anh (và cả tiếng Việt) để tránh nhàm chán – Variation in writing


 

if-you-cant-explain-it-simply-you-dont-understand-it-well-enough-albert-einstein

 

USE THE ACTIVE VOICE

At the heart of every good sentence is a strong, precise verb; the converse is true as well–at the core of most confusing, awkward, or wordy sentences lies a weak verb.

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Cách tránh lỗi “mập mờ” trong viết tiếng Anh – Avoiding Ambiguity in Your Writing

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Xem thêm bài: Cách tránh lỗi “lập lờ” – ambiguity – khi sử dụng tiếng Anh


Are you looking to add a little more clarity to your writing? If so, here are eight methods for correcting ambiguous expressions, as written by Norman Stageberg in “Ambiguity in College Writing: To a College Freshman.”

Put simply, ambiguity means “multiple meaning”. A word or passage that can be understood or interpreted in more than one way is ambiguous.

  • You see, many hands make light work.

Note: This sentence is ambiguous because of the words “light” and “work.” It is unclear whether light is a noun or adjective, and whether work is a noun or verb. So, readers are left to wonder whether the “light is working,” or the “work is light.”

See more below:

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Lỗi thường gặp khi sử dụng dấu phẩy (,) – The Most Comma Mistakes

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[Below is a post by Ben Yagoda, a professor of English at the University of Delaware, on New York Times Blog]

Xem thêm bài: Dấu câu: Dấu phẩy (,)


As I noted in my earlier article, rules and conventions about when to use and not to use commas are legion. But certain errors keep popping up. Here are a few of them.

See more below:

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Một số từ tiếng Anh dễ bị lẫn lộn – Common Mistakes and Confusing Words in English

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Let’s face it, English can be confusing. A lot of words are similar but with different meanings, as a result it is almost impossible to avoid making mistakes in English, but if you can get your head around these explanations, you might be able to avoid making these ones or at least recognise them when you see them. Words marked with an asterisk * have confusing pronunciation.

See them below:

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Một số khác biệt giữa tiếng Anh Anh và Anh Mỹ – British English vs. American English

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Xem thêm bài: Khác biệt từ vựng trong tiếng Anh Anh và Anh Mỹ

When you’re a Brit living in the United States, as I am, sooner or later – and it’s usually sooner, even if you’re trying hard to fit in – you’ll end up using a word or phrase that yourinterlocutor just doesn’t understand. Everyone knows the obvious pitfalls, and they’re constant causes of amusement or starters of conversation, so they’re also easy to remember – elevator instead of lift, sidewalk instead of pavement, fall instead of autumnrestroom or bathroom instead of loo… And even if you do slip up on these, most Americans find them easily ‘translatable’ since the differences are well known. Diverging pronunciations, too, such as those used for schedule or controversy, don’t necessarily stop you getting your point across. But I’ve come to realise that occasionally, my American listeners have simply never heard some of the words I’m using and have no idea what I’m talking about – rather thrilling, really, in such an interconnected age, to find some last bastions of linguistic bafflement. Let me take you through a – perhaps slightly more than averagely – confusing day for this Brit in the US to show you what I mean.

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Từ và cụm từ thường dùng sai – Words and expressions commonly misused

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By Strunk, W., Jr. and White, E.B.

Many of the words and expressions here listed are not so much bad English as bad style, the commonplaces of careless writing. As illustrated under Feature, the proper correction is likely to be not the replacement of one word or set of words by another, but the replacement of vague generality by definite statement.

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Tránh lỗi “lộn lèo” – Dangling modifier [2]

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Clip by Smrt English on Youtube. Thanks for sharing.


(Xem thêm bài: Tránh lỗi “lộn lèo” – Misplaced modifier [1])

Có nhiều định nghĩa và cách phân loại khác nhau về misplaced và dangling modifier. Chỉ cần hiểu đâu là modifier, nó bổ nghĩa cho yếu tố nào trong câu, và đặt nó đúng chỗ là ổn.


Dangling modifier: 

When we begin a sentence with a modifying word, phrase, or clause, we must make sure the next thing that comes along can, in fact, be modified by that modifier. When a modifier improperly modifies something, it is called a “dangling modifier.” This often happens with beginning participial phrases, making “dangling participles” an all too common phenomenon. In the sentence below, we can’t have a car changing its own oil.

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Cẩn thận với lối “nói phũ” – dysphemism

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Definition of Dysphemism

Dysphemism is originated from a Greek word “dys” means miss or none and “pheme” means reputation or speech. It is a figure of speech which is defined as the use of disparaging or offensive expressions instead of inoffensive ones. Dysphemism is the use of negative expressions instead of positive ones. A speaker uses them to humiliate or degrade the disapproved person or character. Dysphemism examples may be classified according to the following types.

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Cách tránh lỗi “lập lờ” – ambiguity – khi sử dụng tiếng Anh

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Warm-up:

Gia đình kia quyết định đi du lịch một tuần. Họ thuê hai cô nhân viên điều dưỡng về chăm sóc cho bà cụ già bị liệt hai chân và cấm khẩu.

Cả nhà đi khỏi, hai cô cho bà cụ tắm rửa, ăn uống, rồi đặt cụ lên xe lăn ra vườn chơi. Mọi việc đều tiến triển tốt. Nhưng rồi đột nhiên bà cụ từ từ ngả người sang một bên, mặt “trầm ngâm”. Hốt hoảng, hai cô vội vàng giữ vai và dựng cụ thẳng người lên. Bà cụ không nói gì, nhưng sau đó một lúc, cụ lại từ từ nghiêng người qua phía kia. Ngay lập tức, họ lại vực cụ ngồi thẳng dậy. Cứ thế, họ phải túc trực bên bà cụ suốt cả mấy hôm vì sự việc đó xảy ra liên tục.

Khi gia đình kia đi chơi về, họ hỏi bà cụ xem hai cô gái chăm sóc bà có tốt không. Bà viết nguệch ngoạc vào tờ giấy mấy dòng: “Nói chung là chu đáo, nhưng có điều chúng nó nhất quyết không cho tao… đánh rắm lần nào trong suốt cả tuần liền!”


 

Ambiguity and how to avoid it

Xem thêm bài: Cách tránh lỗi “mập mờ” khi viết tiếng Anh – Avoiding ambiguity in your writing

Example 1: This morning I shot an elephant in my pajamas.

Who was wearing the pajamas? The hunter or the elephant?

This is a syntactical ambiguity that can be cleared up grammatically.

Improved: This morning, in my pajamas, I shot an elephant.

Though you could probably tell from context what the author meant, there is no reason to unintentionally make such a mistake.

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“Ambiguity” hay là sự lập lờ ý nghĩa trong sử dụng tiếng Anh

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Warm-up:

Chàng trai nọ chạy thục mạng đuổi theo một chiếc xe buýt chở đầy du khách, nhưng chiếc xe đổ dốc rất nhanh.

“Dừng lại đi.” Một người khách tốt bụng thò đầu ra cửa sổ hét lớn với anh chàng “Cậu không đuổi kịp nó đâu, đợi chuyến sau vậy!”

“Nhất định cháu phải đuổi kịp ạ.” Chàng trai trẻ vừa nói vừa thở hồng hộc: “Vì cháu là tài xế xe này mà.”

 

AMBIGUITY

A word, phrase, or sentence is ambiguous if it has more than one meaning. The word ‘light’, for example, can mean not very heavy or not very dark. Words like ‘light’, ‘note’, ‘bear’ and ‘over’ are lexically ambiguous. They induce ambiguity in phrases or sentences in which they occur, such as ‘light suit’ and ‘The duchess can’t bear children’. However, phrases and sentences can be ambiguous even if none of their constituents is. The phrase ‘porcelain egg container’ is structurally ambiguous, as is the sentence ‘The police shot the rioters with guns’. Ambiguity can have both a lexical and a structural basis, as with sentences like ‘I left her behind for you’ and ‘He saw her duck’.

Read more below:

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25 lỗi lính rất kỳ cựu cũng có thể mắc trong sử dụng tiếng Anh

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List of common mistakes by very advanced learners.

See below:

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35 lỗi lính kỳ cựu cũng mắc trong sử dụng tiếng Anh

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List of common mistakes by advanced learners:

See below:

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Tổ hợp từ vựng trong tiếng Anh – Collocations

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Clip by Mr.Skypelessons on Youtube. Thanks for sharing.


Xem thêm bài: Tổ hợp từ – Collocations – trong tiếng Anh


It’s easy to use very basic verbs such as get, start, have or make, but a great way of improving your English is to learn more interesting verbs that go with particular nouns. For example, while it’s fine to say get attention or do research, your English will sound much better if you can say attract attention or carry out research.

See more below:

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Một số sai lầm thường gặp khi sử dụng tiếng Anh – Common mistakes in using English

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Shall or will?

The traditional rule is that shall is used with first person pronouns (i.e., I and we) to form the future tense, while will is used with second and third person forms (i.e., youhesheitthey). For example:

I shall be late

They will not have enough food.

However, when it comes to expressing a strong determination to do something, the roles are reversed: will is used with the first person, and shall with the second and third. For example:

I will not tolerate such behavior.

You shall go to the ball!

In practice, though, these distinctions have faded, and the word shall is now seldom used in any normal context in American English.

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