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Tag Archives: colloquial language

Các dạng thức rút gọn trong tiếng Anh – Informal Contractions in the English language

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Informal Contractions

A contraction is a shortened version of the written and spoken forms of a word, syllable, or word group, created by omission of internal letters (actually, sounds).

In linguistic analysis, contractions should not be confused with abbreviations nor acronyms (including initialisms), with which they share some semantic andphonetic functions, though all three are connoted by the term “abbreviation” in loose parlance. Contraction is also distinguished from clipping, where beginnings and endings are omitted.

The definition overlaps with the grammatical term portmanteau (a linguistic blend), but a distinction can be made between a portmanteau and a contraction by noting that contractions are formed from words that would otherwise appear together in sequence, such as do and not, whereas a portmanteau word is formed by combining two or more existing words that all relate to a singular concept which the portmanteau describes.

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[WARNING! This song may not be appropriate for some ages and audiences].

LYRICS

Whatcha doin’ tonight, baby?
I kinda like your style, lady.
Wanna hang out for a while, honey?
I’m gonna drive you wild, so try me!
Gimme everything you’ve got, baby.
Lemme see the lot, lady.
We really gotta rock, honey.

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Các dạng thức rút gọn trong tiếng Anh – Common Contractions in the English Language

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A contraction is a shortened version of the written and spoken forms of a word, syllable, or word group, created by omission of internal letters (actually, sounds).

In linguistic analysis, contractions should not be confused with abbreviations nor acronyms (including initialisms), with which they share some semantic andphonetic functions, though all three are connoted by the term “abbreviation” in loose parlance. Contraction is also distinguished from clipping, where beginnings and endings are omitted.

The definition overlaps with the grammatical term portmanteau (a linguistic blend), but a distinction can be made between a portmanteau and a contraction by noting that contractions are formed from words that would otherwise appear together in sequence, such as do and not, whereas a portmanteau word is formed by combining two or more existing words that all relate to a singular concept which the portmanteau describes.

Common contractions in the English language

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Người mới nhập cư cần biết – English for new Americans

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Một clip tuyệt cú mèo về Health, Home và Community

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Làm sao để nói tiếng Anh lưu loát – Expert tips for English fluency

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Warm-up:


 

See the tips below:

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Một chút về văn hóa Mỹ – Getting culturally adapted in the US

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Có thể học được rất nhiều từ các video clips bên dưới: học nghe, học nói, học thuyết trình, học trình bày slide, học về slang, học cách vượt qua sự khác biệt văn hóa, học cách hòa nhập môi trường mới, biết trước về các diễn tiến tâm lý thường xảy ra khi gia nhập môi trường văn hóa mới, học cách tự tin, học tính kiên trì … 


 

Vài quy tắc sinh hoạt ở Mỹ cho sinh viên (và không phải sinh viên) – Do’s and Dont’s of American Student Life

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See the rules below:

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Thế nào là thành ngữ, tục ngữ …. ? – What are … Proverbs, Sayings, Aphorisms, Idioms, Puns, etc.

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Mời bạn trả lời câu hỏi dưới đây trước khi đọc tiếp


 

Here is a list of definitions (with examples), which helps to understand the difference between these terms.

It is common to find different words existing in English to represent similar ideas. It is a frequent characteristic of a language with a long history. There are a number of specific types of saying, of which proverb is probably the best known. However, the distinction between them is often pretty vague.

See more below:

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Thành ngữ tiếng Anh – Halloween related terms and idioms

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halloween-468026_640

Witches, ghosts and skeletons

witch-hunt – to go on a witch-hunt is to try and find and punish or harrass people with unpopular opinions, usually because they are said to be dangerous to others.

This expression has its origins in the witch-hunts of the Middle Ages when thousands of young women in Europe were killed because they were thought to be witches.

See more below:

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22 cách nói CÓ – 22 ways to say yes

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The word yes is great and all … but there’s plenty of other ways you can offer someone a verbal go-ahead. So if you feel like dipping your toes into the wild waters of alternative affirmations, then take a gander at the list below. If you’re feeling brave, deploy an aye aye in a business meeting or let loose a fo’ shizzle when someone asks if you’d like to go grab an ice cream. Let’s have a look at other ways to say yes!

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Đủ vốn để nói KHÔNG cả tháng – 29 ways to say NO

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Sometimes you need somebody to get the point, and a simple no won’t do it. We’ve taken a look through the Historical Thesaurus of the OED and other sources to find out how best to say no to something. Now you can say no daily for almost a whole month without repeating yourself.

1. no

Let’s start with the easy one. No dates to Old English, unsurprisingly; a corresponding o(meaning ‘ever; always’) is now obsolete.

See more below:

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Thành ngữ về đồ ăn – Food idioms

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Một số từ vựng cần biết khi đi mua sắm.

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See more below:

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Một số cách nói về ăn uống – Food and cooking

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Food and cooking

  • Nosh / grub – These are informal words for food.
  • Lets go out for a slap up dinner. / Let’s pig out and stuff our faces! – Let’s go out and have a lot to eat!
  • The food was fusion. – There was a mix of two types of food, e.g. Thai and western European.
  • I really fancy an Indian! – You’re not in love with someone from India – you just want to go for a curry [spicy Indian food]!
  • Fancy a ruby? – Here, ‘ruby’ is rhyming slang for ‘curry’. [Ruby Murray was one of the most popular singers in the UK in the 1950s.]
  • I’m starving. I could eat a horse! – you are extremely hungry!
  • I’m just a bit peckish. – You are not particularly hungry but feel like having something to eat.

See more below:

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Một vài cách nói về sức khỏe trong tiếng Anh – Health related terms

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Feeling ill

  • I feel really rough.
  • I’m shattered.
  • I’m on my last legs.
  • You look poorly.
  • You look like death warmed up.
  • You’re looking peaky.

All these are informal expressions that indicate you are feeling ill or unwell, tired and exhausted.

See more below:

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Một số từ thông dụng dùng liên quan tới tiền bạc – Money words used in the street

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Enjoy (… or not):

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 Giờ thì “ngâm cứu” về tiền bạc.

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The money in your pocket:

  • Doshdoughwedge – These are informal terms for money.
  • fiver , A tenner . – £5, £10
  • Twenty quid – £20
  • ton – £100
  • grand – £1,000
  • Loose change – coins
  • I’ve only got a few coppers. – I only have a few 2p and 1p coins.
  • Plastic – credit/debit cards

See more below:

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Thành ngữ tiếng Anh thông dụng – Popular English idioms and slangs

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CRUNCH TIME

the period of time just before a project has to be completed and everyone has to work hard.

Examples:

  • I’m not getting enough sleep these days. It’s crunch time at work.

 

LET YOUR FREAK FLAG FLY

to let others see your uniqueness

Examples:

  • My colleagues were surprised at the Christmas party- I let my freak flag fly and showed them a break dance routine.

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Một số “cấu kiện” tiếng Anh thông dụng – the English we speak

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Out of juice:

When you’ve used all the battery power of something like a mobile phone, so that it doesn’t work anymore, we can say it’s ‘out of juice’. It’s a slang expression.

Sometimes if a person feels low on energy, they could say ‘I’m out of juice’. Also if your car is low on petrol, you could say ‘The car’s running out of juice.’

Examples:

  • My laptop’s out of juice. This is so frustrating.
  • I am packing three spare phone batteries so I don’t run out of juice on my climbing trip.

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Một số thành ngữ liên quan đến bánh trái – 11 baking idioms to whet your appetite

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 1. To be caught with your hand in the cookie jar

Have you ever had one (or a few) too many cookies and then felt horribly guilty about it? If so, this is the phrase for you! It extends figuratively to encompass someone being caught doing anything wrong or mischievous.

2. Easy as pie

This phrase refers to ‘something easily accomplished or dealt with’and began life, according to the OED, in the early 20th century. We all know just how easy it is to consume a slice of pie (or a whole pie…).

See more below:

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Thành ngữ mới “sáng tác” – new idioms

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Thành ngữ mới trong tiếng Anh

Cross the line

Handsome is as handsome does

Talk a mile a minute

Too clever by half

Busy as a one-armed paper hanger

Grinning like a shot fox

I may have been born at night, but not last night

Fight fire with fire

First up, best dressed

Part of the furniture

Cut someone off at the knees

Turn someone’s crank

Cat and mouse

Fine-tooth comb

Like to died

Cool your Jets

Fly in the face of

Out of the goodness of your heart

It is what it is

Hit below the belt

Up to the hilt

On the off-chance

Lose your head

Wilder than a peach orchard boar

Put your oar in

Spread the word

Get the word out

All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy

Love you and leave you

Foggiest idea

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Cẩn thận với lối “nói phũ” – dysphemism

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Definition of Dysphemism

Dysphemism is originated from a Greek word “dys” means miss or none and “pheme” means reputation or speech. It is a figure of speech which is defined as the use of disparaging or offensive expressions instead of inoffensive ones. Dysphemism is the use of negative expressions instead of positive ones. A speaker uses them to humiliate or degrade the disapproved person or character. Dysphemism examples may be classified according to the following types.

See more below:

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Phép so sánh/ví von – simile – trong tiếng Anh

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[Xem thêm bài: Phép ẩn dụ – metaphor – trong tiếng Anh]

Simile

[pronounced: SIM-i-lee]

It’s been a hard day’s night, and I’ve been working like a dog
The Beatles

simile is a figure of speech that says that one thing is like another different thing. We can use similes to make descriptions more emphatic or vivid.

We often use the words as…as and like with similes.

Common patterns for similes, with example sentences, are:

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Phép ẩn dụ – metaphor – trong tiếng Anh

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Warm-up:

Cô gái đi học trên thành phố, nửa đêm nhận được tin nhắn: “Chào em, mình làm quen được không? Em có người yêu chưa?”
– Em có rồi anh ạ!
– Thế á, cha mày đây, sớm mai bắt xe về quê ngay họp gia đình chuyện này!
Hôm sau cô gái nhất quyết không về, nửa đêm lại có tin nhắn:
– Anh phải làm sao để được làm bạn em? Cho phép anh làm quen nhá! Em có người yêu chưa?
– Em chưa!
– Em làm anh thất vọng quá, một phép thử đơn giản là biết được lòng nhau ngay, mình chia tay thôi!
– Ôi em xin lỗi, em tưởng ông già em, cho e một lời giải thích.
– Giải thích gì? Ông già mày đây, mai không về quê thì đừng về nữa! Gọi cả thằng đó về cho tao!


Metaphor

“All the world’s a stage,
And all the men and women merely players
They have their exits and their entrances”
 -William Shakespeare

metaphor is a figure of speech that says that one thing is another different thing. This allows us to use fewer words and forces the reader or listener to find the similarities.

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Thư “rãn” tý với trò nói lái – Spoonerisms

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Spoonerisms are words or phrases in which letters or syllables get swapped. This often happens accidentally in slips of the tongue (or tips of the slung as Spoonerisms are often affectionately called!).

See more below:

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Phân biệt giữa “jargon”, “slang”, “colloquial language”

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Colloquial language and slang overlap to a certain extent. Both are informal, and are more common in spoken than in written language. You might use either when speaking or writing to a friend; when speaking to a person in authority or writing to an acquaintance you might use colloquial language but avoid slang, and you would not use either in a formal letter or report.

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