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LUYỆN NGHE TIẾNG ANH

Đối xử công bằng với Expletives trong tiếng Anh

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Clip by GrammarREVOLUTION on Youtube. Thanks for sharing.


We’re not going to look at the swear-word kind of expletives, those four-letter words that can do a great job of rendering a character’s emotions at just the perfect time. What I want to talk about are the other expletives, the kind associated with grammar.

Expletives can be used to create emphasis but are often used instead as filler words by unsuspecting writers. Expletives are known as empty words, so that should give you an idea of how weak they can be. They add nothing to meaning for your text and can instead confuse the reader (by adding unnecessary words) or dilute the meaning of surrounding words.

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Câu chẻ trong tiếng Anh – Sentence Types: Cleft Sentences

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Clip by OnEnglish Online on Youtube. Thanks for sharing.


Lưu ý: Cleft sentence có hai cấu trúc: (1) It-cleft sentence, và (2) Wh-cleft sentence. Bên dưới là một vài so sánh sơ lược. Tuy nhiên, chỉ là sơ lược, chi tiết cụ thể có thể có điểm khác. 

  • It-cleft sentence:  Về mặt “hành văn”, kiểu câu It-cleft sentence  khá giống với kiểu câu Loose/Cumulative Sentence, ở chỗ: nhấn mạnh ở đầu câu, đưa thông tin chính lên đầu câu, sau đó bổ sung thông tin phụ trợ ở phần tiếp theo.

Xem thêm bài: Phép điệp trong tiếng Anh – Loose/cumulative sentences

  • Wh-cleft sentence: Về mặt “hành văn”, kiểu câu Wh-cleft sentence khá giống với kiểu câu Periodic Sentence, ở chỗ: dành thông tin mới đến cuối câu mới bung ra, nhằm tạo hiệu ứng tâm lý chờ đợi, bùng nổ, giống như thủ pháp thắt nút – cởi nút. 

Xem thêm bài: Phép đảo trong tiếng Anh – Periodic sentences


Why do we use cleft sentences?

We use cleft sentences, especially in speaking, to connect what is already understood to what is new to the listener. In a cleft sentence, a single message is divided (cleft) into two clauses. This allows us to focus on the new information.

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Phép đảo ngữ trong tiếng Anh – Inversion in English [2]

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Clip by Smrt English on Youtube. Thanks for sharing.


Xem thêm bài: Phép đảo ngữ trong tiếng Anh – Periodic sentences [1].

Lưu ý sự khác nhau trong cấu trúc động từ giữa hai loại (inversion đảo cấu trúc động từ; periodic sentence chỉ đảo thành phần bổ nghĩa, không đảo cấu trúc động từ).

Mục đích của cả hai đều là để nhấn mạnh, tạo hiệu ứng tâm lý đối với người đọc.


What is inversion?

We use inversion in several different situations in English. Inversion just means putting the verb before the subject. We usually do it in question forms:

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Phép đảo ngữ trong tiếng Anh – Periodic sentences [1]

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Clip by Ms. Domencic’s American Literature Class on Youtube. Thanks for sharing.


What is a periodic sentence?

A periodic sentence is a sentence which has been deliberately structured to place the main point at the end.  Or, in other words, a sentence that delays the expression of a complete thought until the end, or until near the end, is called periodic.

Therefore, a period sentence will have its main clause or predicate as the last part.

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Phép điệp trong tiếng Anh – Loose/Cumulative sentences

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Clip by Cristian Petre Moldovan on Youtube. Thanks for sharing.


Definition

A loose sentence, also called a cumulative sentence, begins with a main clause that is followed by phrases and/or clauses that modify the main clause. These phrases or clauses add information to the main or independent clause.

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Ký hiệu AD, BC, CE và BCE, BP nghĩa là gì khi đi kèm năm thời gian

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Clip by Jim Janossy Sr. on Youtube. Like it or not. Thanks for sharing.


Xem thêm bài: Cách thể hiện ngày tháng trong viết tiếng Anh – Writing the date


AD and BC

You sometimes see years written with AD or BC, like this:

  • 2000 AD
  • 450 BC

What does it mean?

  • AD is AFTER Jesus Christ was born.
  • BC is BEFORE Jesus Christ was born.
  • AD stands for the Latin Anno Domini meaning “In the year of Our Lord”.
  • BC stands for Before Christ.

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Cân nhắc khi nói về người khuyết tật trong tiếng Anh – Appropriate language for talking about disability

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Clip by Emma on Youtube. Thanks for sharing.


Xem thêm bài: Lựa lời mà nói [1] – Bias in language

Bài viết bên dưới cũng đáng xem để cập nhật cách dùng tiếng Anh. Nhưng không hẳn người khuyết tật nào cũng đồng ý (!)

Và cũng thử xem thêm video clip trong bài này: Tìm hiểu về Uyển ngữ – Euphemism


 

Times have changed for people with disabilities… but language lags behind.

Life for most people with mental or physical disabilities is vastly improved over what it was twenty or thirty years ago. The Americans with Disabilities Act and other federal and state laws assure that people with disabilities have the same basic rights as people without disabilities. Some things have been slower to change; namely, attitudes and perceptions about people with disabilities. Ignorance and discrimination can be serious impediments to achieving integration, productivity, and independence for people with disabilities.

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So sánh “Nghịch hợp” và “Nghịch lý” trong tiếng Anh – Oxymoron vs Paradox

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Clip by WhatYouOughtToKnow on Youtube. Thanks for sharing.


Many people see only a slight little difference between oxymoron and paradox. Most of the time they find it hard to make out a difference between the two terms. Even though there are no hard rules that separate oxymoron and paradox, one can come across many things that differentiate them.

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Lưu ý khi sử dụng từ trong tiếng Anh – Denotation and Connotation

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Clip by awoods0806 on Youtube. Thanks for sharing.


 

If you want to discuss the meaning of a word, it helps to know the difference between denotation and connotation. These two terms are easy to confuse because they describe related concepts. Additionally, both denotation and connotation stem from the Latin word notāre, meaning “to note.”

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Cách chào hỏi ở các quốc gia trên thế giới – Greetings from around the world

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Clip by GraebelRelocation on Youtube. Thanks for sharing.


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Ask not what your country can do for you — ask what you can do for your country

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Bạn chắc đã nghe câu này nhiều lần: “Đừng hỏi Tổ quốc đã làm gì cho ta, mà hãy hỏi ta đã làm gì cho Tổ quốc.” (ask not what your country can do for you — ask what you can do for your country)

Nhiều người tin là nó xuất phát từ bài Diễn văn Tuyên thệ nhậm chức của Tổng thống Mỹ John F. Kennedy vào tháng 1 năm 1961.

Nhưng sự thực thì không phải thế. Xem thêm ở đây.

Tuy nhiên, đây là một trong những bài diễn văn nổi tiếng thế giới. Vì vậy, xin giới thiệu dưới đây, coi là một bài đọc hay, nên xem. Và cũng xin giới thiệu cả video clip ghi lại toàn bộ bài diễn văn này của JFK.

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Nguồn gốc tên gọi tiếng Anh các ngày trong tuần – Origins of the Days of the Week

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Clip by Arika Okrent on Youtube. Thanks for sharing.


As the days pass, the cycle of the week shapes how we live our lives. Have you ever wondered, “Why is a week seven days long?” How about where the names of each weekday come from?

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Nguồn gốc tên gọi tiếng Anh của các tháng trong năm – How did the months get their names?

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Clip by Merriam-Webster Dictionary on Youtube. Thanks for sharing.


As the new year starts you might have recently bought a new diary or calendar and thought ‘Where do these words come from?’ – at least that’s what I did. There is also, of course, also the chance that you have been merrily scheduling in gym appointments and book clubs and all sorts of other details relating to New Year’s resolutions (have you kept yours so far?) but we’ll take the opportunity to add a resolution to your list: learn where we got the names for all the months of the year. Spoilers: it’s a mixture of gods, rulers, and numbers.

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Kỹ thuật viết essay 5 đoạn trong tiếng Anh (và cả tiếng Việt) – The Five-Paragraph Essay

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Clip by zontulfilmsltd on Youtube. Thanks for sharing.


The five-paragraph essay is a format of essay having five paragraphs: one introductory paragraph, three body paragraphs with support and development, and one concluding paragraph. Because of this structure, it is also known as a hamburger essayone three one, or a three-tier essay.


“Tell ’em what you’re gonna tell ’em, tell ’em, tell ’em what you told ’em”


“thesis + antithesis = synthesis”


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Cách ứng xử khi được mời dự tiệc ở Mỹ – What if you are invited to a party in the U.S.

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A friend invites me over for dinner at 6 p.m. What time am I expected to arrive?

Americans are much more time-conscious (aware of time) than people from most other cultures. If someone invites you for 6 p.m., he or she expects you to be there at that time or a few minutes early. This is true for any appointment or meeting, whether it is a business meeting or social event. One exception is a casual party or “open house,” in which case guests may arrive at any time after the event starts. If you must be late, call the individual to let him or her know what time you expect to arrive.

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Thủ thuật dẫn dắt người đọc trong viết tiếng Anh (và cả tiếng Việt) – Signposting techniques in writing English

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Clip by Educational Foundations and Research, University of North Dakota on Youtube. Thanks for sharing.


Xem thêm bài: Cách nối câu để tránh kiểu “vỡ lòng” – Sentence-combining skills


In academic writing, the author is responsible for making the text as clear as possible for the reader. To achieve clarity, the author has to ensure that the writing is explicit: in other words, it should anticipate and address the reader’s questions. An active reader will want to know what the author’s aims are and how they will be achieved; what the author’s position is about key issues; how the argument is constructed; how ideas relate to each other. Good writers use signposting language to signal to the reader where these answers can be found.

See more below:

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MERRY CHRISTMAS AND HAPPY NEW YEAR!!!

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MERRY CHRISTMAS AND HAPPY NEW YEAR!!!

Clip by CelticWomenVEVO on Youtube. Thanks for sharing.


Christmas comes but once a year

Because Christmas only happens once a year, we should be kind and generous as it is a special time.

“Christmas comes but once a year, so we urge you to give generously to our Christmas charity collection.”

like turkeys voting for (an early) Christmas

If people are like turkeys (the large bird eaten at Christmas) voting for Christmas, they choose to accept a situation which will have very bad results for them.

“Oil companies asking their customers to use less oil is like turkeys voting for Christmas.”

like Christmas came early

When you receive some unexpected good news or good fortune, you can describe it as Christmas coming early. The good news/fortune is a ‘present’.

“Christmas came early for Disney. Their latest film ‘Disney’s A Christmas Carol’, starring Jim Carrey, made $31 million dollars in its opening weekend.”

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Học tiếng Anh và tìm hiểu nước Mỹ qua 100 câu hỏi phỏng vấn quốc tịch – 100 official questions and answers for US Citizenship Naturalization Test

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Clip by KateLalit on Youtube. Thanks for sharing.


Nghe audio bên dưới:


Civics (History and Government) Questions for the Naturalization Test

 

The 100 civics (history and government) questions and answers for the naturalization test are listed below. The civics test is an oral test and the USCIS Officer will ask the applicant up to 10 of the 100 civics questions. An applicant must answer 6 out of 10 questions correctly to pass the civics portion of the naturalization test.

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Cách thể hiện phân số, số thập phân, số tiền trong viết tiếng Anh – Fraction, Decimals, Money

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Clip by APPUSERIES on Youtube. Thanks for sharing.


 

Below is a list of rules for writing fractions, decimals and money amounts. Very useful…

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Cách thể hiện ngày tháng trong viết tiếng Anh – Writing the Date

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Clip by JenniferESL on Youtube. Thanks for sharing.


 

There are several different ways to write the date in English. They vary from formal to informal, and there are differences between British and American English. The following table shows some typical formats.

See more below:

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Cách thể hiện số trong viết tiếng Anh – Một số nguyên tắc chung – Presenting numbers in English (General)

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Clip by Educatordotcom on Youtube. Thanks for sharing.


Bài bên dưới là các quy định chung về cách thể hiện số và chữ số trong European Commission. Sự khác nhau nếu có giữa các quy định của các nguồn khác nhau là không đáng kể. Có thể sử dụng cho viết formal English.

Xem thêm bài: Mười quy tắc viết số và chữ số

Hoặc có thể xem thêm tại đây

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Tăng vốn từ với tiền tố và hậu tố trong tiếng Anh – Prefixes and Suffixes in English

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Diane Frymire’s clip on Youtube. Thanks for sharing.


Xem thêm bài: Cách mở rộng vốn từ tiếng Anh


Affixes and roots

Adding affixes to existing words (the base or root) to form new words is common in academic English.

Prefixes are added to the front of the base (like right arrow dislike), whereas suffixes are added to the end of the base (active right arrow activate).

Prefixes usually do not change the class of the base word, but suffixes usually do change the class of the word.

The most common prefixes used to form new verbs in academic English are: re-, dis-, over-, un-, mis-, out-. The most common suffixes are: -ise, -en, -ate, -(i)fy. By far the most common affix in academic English is -ise.

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Các dạng thức rút gọn trong tiếng Anh – Informal Contractions in the English language

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Informal Contractions

A contraction is a shortened version of the written and spoken forms of a word, syllable, or word group, created by omission of internal letters (actually, sounds).

In linguistic analysis, contractions should not be confused with abbreviations nor acronyms (including initialisms), with which they share some semantic andphonetic functions, though all three are connoted by the term “abbreviation” in loose parlance. Contraction is also distinguished from clipping, where beginnings and endings are omitted.

The definition overlaps with the grammatical term portmanteau (a linguistic blend), but a distinction can be made between a portmanteau and a contraction by noting that contractions are formed from words that would otherwise appear together in sequence, such as do and not, whereas a portmanteau word is formed by combining two or more existing words that all relate to a singular concept which the portmanteau describes.

Clip on Youtube. Thanks for sharing. 

[WARNING! This song may not be appropriate for some ages and audiences].

LYRICS

Whatcha doin’ tonight, baby?
I kinda like your style, lady.
Wanna hang out for a while, honey?
I’m gonna drive you wild, so try me!
Gimme everything you’ve got, baby.
Lemme see the lot, lady.
We really gotta rock, honey.

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Các dạng thức rút gọn trong tiếng Anh – Common Contractions in the English Language

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A contraction is a shortened version of the written and spoken forms of a word, syllable, or word group, created by omission of internal letters (actually, sounds).

In linguistic analysis, contractions should not be confused with abbreviations nor acronyms (including initialisms), with which they share some semantic andphonetic functions, though all three are connoted by the term “abbreviation” in loose parlance. Contraction is also distinguished from clipping, where beginnings and endings are omitted.

The definition overlaps with the grammatical term portmanteau (a linguistic blend), but a distinction can be made between a portmanteau and a contraction by noting that contractions are formed from words that would otherwise appear together in sequence, such as do and not, whereas a portmanteau word is formed by combining two or more existing words that all relate to a singular concept which the portmanteau describes.

Common contractions in the English language

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Tiếp tục về khác biệt tiếng Anh Anh và Anh Mỹ – British vs. American English

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Khác biệt về phát âm tiếng Anh Anh và Anh Mỹ

Clip on Youtube. Thanks for sharing.


 

While there are plenty of other dialects of spoken English, American and British are the most commonly taught in ESL/ESOL/EFL courses. Perhaps that’s because there are literally millions of Americans and the fact that British accents are pretty dreamy. British English and American English are both valued and respected, despite those who often assert that one is better or easier to understand than the other. The similarities between the two far outweigh the differences, but those differences can sometimes really impact understanding. See more below:

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Người mới nhập cư cần biết – English for new Americans

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Một clip tuyệt cú mèo về Health, Home và Community

Clip on Youtube. Thanks for sharing.

Một số “cấu kiện” hay dùng về ăn uống – Eating and drinking phases

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Clip on Youtube. Thanks for sharing.


Xem thêm bài: Một số cách nói về ăn uống – food and cooking 

và bài Thành ngữ về đồ ăn – Food idioms


 

Going out for a drink

  • Let’s go for a drink! / Let’s go down the pub! / Let’s go out for a few bevvies. / a few jars. -Let’s go to my local public house – the pub – for some drinks.
  • We’re going to paint the town red. / We’re going to go on a bar crawl. – We’re going to several pubs or bars.
  • I’ll get the booze!- I’ll buy the beer!
  • A glass of bubbly – A glass of champagne or sparkling wine.
  • That wine is corked! It tastes like vinegar. -the wine is bad.
  • chaser – A measure of a spirit such as whisky or rum which you drink with beer.
  • double – 2 measures of spirits. A single measure is usually 1/5 of a gill – 25 ml.
  • drop of the hard stuff – Some spirits rather than beer or wine.
  • soft drink – A non-alcoholic drink.

See more below:

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Một chút về văn hóa Mỹ – Getting culturally adapted in the US

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Có thể học được rất nhiều từ các video clips bên dưới: học nghe, học nói, học thuyết trình, học trình bày slide, học về slang, học cách vượt qua sự khác biệt văn hóa, học cách hòa nhập môi trường mới, biết trước về các diễn tiến tâm lý thường xảy ra khi gia nhập môi trường văn hóa mới, học cách tự tin, học tính kiên trì … 


 

Vài quy tắc sinh hoạt ở Mỹ cho sinh viên (và không phải sinh viên) – Do’s and Dont’s of American Student Life

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See the rules below:

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Đọc Tuyên ngôn độc lập Mỹ và Việt Nam – Declaration of Independence

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DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE

See the text below:

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Lưu ý đặc biệt về trọng âm từ trong phát âm tiếng Anh – English word stress special notes

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Xem thêm bài: Trọng âm từ – yếu tố vô cùng quan trọng khi nói tiếng Anh.


Word stress: Shift in sentences

For some words, where stress is placed depends on their position in a sentence. When the word is spoken alone or at the end of a sentence, the stress occurs near the end. When the word occurs before another word in a sentence, the stress occurs earlier.

See more below:

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Quy tắc ngữ điệu trong nói tiếng Anh – Rule of Changing Pitch

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Xem thêm bài: Trọng âm câu – yếu tố cực kỳ quan trọng trong nói tiếng Anh  và bài  Trọng âm từ – yếu tố vô cùng quan trọng khi nói tiếng Anh



Intonation: How to Speak with Pitch Changes

Intonation is the pattern of pitch changes as people speak. These change from one culture to another. Pitch is the tone of your voice. In American English, people have about 3 notes that they use when speaking. Most words are in the middle tone. Stressed words are in the high tone, and the low-tone often comes before a stress (it makes the stress larger by creating more difference in tone). The low tone may be used at the end of sentences too, though you do not always have to end on a low tone.

See more below:

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22 cách nói CÓ – 22 ways to say yes

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The word yes is great and all … but there’s plenty of other ways you can offer someone a verbal go-ahead. So if you feel like dipping your toes into the wild waters of alternative affirmations, then take a gander at the list below. If you’re feeling brave, deploy an aye aye in a business meeting or let loose a fo’ shizzle when someone asks if you’d like to go grab an ice cream. Let’s have a look at other ways to say yes!

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Đủ vốn để nói KHÔNG cả tháng – 29 ways to say NO

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Sometimes you need somebody to get the point, and a simple no won’t do it. We’ve taken a look through the Historical Thesaurus of the OED and other sources to find out how best to say no to something. Now you can say no daily for almost a whole month without repeating yourself.

1. no

Let’s start with the easy one. No dates to Old English, unsurprisingly; a corresponding o(meaning ‘ever; always’) is now obsolete.

See more below:

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Lỗi thường gặp khi sử dụng dấu phẩy (,) – The Most Comma Mistakes

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Clip by Jenna Duby on Youtube. Thanks for sharing.


[Below is a post by Ben Yagoda, a professor of English at the University of Delaware, on New York Times Blog]

Xem thêm bài: Dấu câu: Dấu phẩy (,)


As I noted in my earlier article, rules and conventions about when to use and not to use commas are legion. But certain errors keep popping up. Here are a few of them.

See more below:

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Một số thực tế thú vị về tiếng Anh – Fun facts about English language [1]

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Clip by BBC-Channel on Youtube. Thanks for sharing.


Now, see the interesting facts about the language below, in no particular order…

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Thành ngữ về đồ ăn – Food idioms

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Một số từ vựng cần biết khi đi mua sắm.

Clip by Hello Channel on Youtube. Thanks for sharing.


See more below:

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Một số cách nói về ăn uống – Food and cooking

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Clip on Youtube. Thanks for sharing.

Food and cooking

  • Nosh / grub – These are informal words for food.
  • Lets go out for a slap up dinner. / Let’s pig out and stuff our faces! – Let’s go out and have a lot to eat!
  • The food was fusion. – There was a mix of two types of food, e.g. Thai and western European.
  • I really fancy an Indian! – You’re not in love with someone from India – you just want to go for a curry [spicy Indian food]!
  • Fancy a ruby? – Here, ‘ruby’ is rhyming slang for ‘curry’. [Ruby Murray was one of the most popular singers in the UK in the 1950s.]
  • I’m starving. I could eat a horse! – you are extremely hungry!
  • I’m just a bit peckish. – You are not particularly hungry but feel like having something to eat.

See more below:

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Một vài cách nói về sức khỏe trong tiếng Anh – Health related terms

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Clip on Youtube. Thanks for sharing.

Feeling ill

  • I feel really rough.
  • I’m shattered.
  • I’m on my last legs.
  • You look poorly.
  • You look like death warmed up.
  • You’re looking peaky.

All these are informal expressions that indicate you are feeling ill or unwell, tired and exhausted.

See more below:

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Một số từ thông dụng dùng liên quan tới tiền bạc – Money words used in the street

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Enjoy (… or not):

Clip on Youtube. Thanks for sharing.


 Giờ thì “ngâm cứu” về tiền bạc.

Clip on Youtube. Thanks for sharing.


 

The money in your pocket:

  • Doshdoughwedge – These are informal terms for money.
  • fiver , A tenner . – £5, £10
  • Twenty quid – £20
  • ton – £100
  • grand – £1,000
  • Loose change – coins
  • I’ve only got a few coppers. – I only have a few 2p and 1p coins.
  • Plastic – credit/debit cards

See more below:

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Một số “cấu kiện” tiếng Anh thông dụng – the English we speak

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Out of juice:

When you’ve used all the battery power of something like a mobile phone, so that it doesn’t work anymore, we can say it’s ‘out of juice’. It’s a slang expression.

Sometimes if a person feels low on energy, they could say ‘I’m out of juice’. Also if your car is low on petrol, you could say ‘The car’s running out of juice.’

Examples:

  • My laptop’s out of juice. This is so frustrating.
  • I am packing three spare phone batteries so I don’t run out of juice on my climbing trip.

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Một số thành ngữ liên quan đến bánh trái – 11 baking idioms to whet your appetite

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 1. To be caught with your hand in the cookie jar

Have you ever had one (or a few) too many cookies and then felt horribly guilty about it? If so, this is the phrase for you! It extends figuratively to encompass someone being caught doing anything wrong or mischievous.

2. Easy as pie

This phrase refers to ‘something easily accomplished or dealt with’and began life, according to the OED, in the early 20th century. We all know just how easy it is to consume a slice of pie (or a whole pie…).

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Một số khác biệt giữa tiếng Anh Anh và Anh Mỹ – British English vs. American English

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Xem thêm bài: Khác biệt từ vựng trong tiếng Anh Anh và Anh Mỹ

When you’re a Brit living in the United States, as I am, sooner or later – and it’s usually sooner, even if you’re trying hard to fit in – you’ll end up using a word or phrase that yourinterlocutor just doesn’t understand. Everyone knows the obvious pitfalls, and they’re constant causes of amusement or starters of conversation, so they’re also easy to remember – elevator instead of lift, sidewalk instead of pavement, fall instead of autumnrestroom or bathroom instead of loo… And even if you do slip up on these, most Americans find them easily ‘translatable’ since the differences are well known. Diverging pronunciations, too, such as those used for schedule or controversy, don’t necessarily stop you getting your point across. But I’ve come to realise that occasionally, my American listeners have simply never heard some of the words I’m using and have no idea what I’m talking about – rather thrilling, really, in such an interconnected age, to find some last bastions of linguistic bafflement. Let me take you through a – perhaps slightly more than averagely – confusing day for this Brit in the US to show you what I mean.

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Tiếng Anh: Những điều có thể bạn chưa biết – Ten things you might not have known about the English language

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Ten things you might not have known about the English language

Hey, English speaker! Congratulations. You speak a language that straddles the globe like nothing before. Statistically, English is unlikely to be your first language and you are likely to be from an educated background. Again, congratulations.

Here are ten things that you may not have known about this wonderful language of ours:

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Nguyên tắc KISS trong viết tiếng Anh – Keep It Short and Simple

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Xem thêm bài: Cách viết tiếng Anh [và bất kỳ tiếng nào on earth] ngắn gọn, súc tích – Writing clear, concise sentences

Xem thêm bài: Cách biến hóa trong viết tiếng Anh (và cả tiếng Việt) để tránh nhàm chán – Variation in writing


To achieve greater clarity:

  • split long sentences (and paragraphs) into two or three shorter ones;
  • cut out unnecessary words – using active verbs where possible can help you do this;
  • replace overly complex phrasing with simple, everyday language;
  • use bullet points for lists of facts or information;
  • avoid ambiguous expressions.

See the the details of the principle below:

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Thuyết trình bằng tiếng Anh – Vocabulary and phrases for making presentations in English

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Overviews

After you give your opening statement, you should give a brief overview of your presentation. This includes what your presentation is about, how long you will take and how you are going to handle questions.

For example, a presentation to sales staff could start like this:
“Welcome / “Hello everyone.”

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Một số kỹ năng giao tiếp tiếng Anh khi tham gia cuộc họp – Getting the most out of meetings

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If you work for a company where meetings are held in English, you may have had one or these problems:

  • being unable to say what you mean clearly and concisely
  • being unable to interrupt others to make a point
  • being unable to prevent others from interrupting you
  • being unable to understand others – especially if they joke, go off the point, or speak too quickly
  • being unable to understand what the action points are – and what you’re expected to do
  • being unable to concentrate for long periods of time on complex or detailed discussions
  • being shy (not willing to initiate a discussion, even though you have plenty of things to say)

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Tránh lỗi “lộn lèo” – Dangling modifier [2]

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(Xem thêm bài: Tránh lỗi “lộn lèo” – Misplaced modifier [1])

Có nhiều định nghĩa và cách phân loại khác nhau về misplaced và dangling modifier. Chỉ cần hiểu đâu là modifier, nó bổ nghĩa cho yếu tố nào trong câu, và đặt nó đúng chỗ là ổn.


Dangling modifier: 

When we begin a sentence with a modifying word, phrase, or clause, we must make sure the next thing that comes along can, in fact, be modified by that modifier. When a modifier improperly modifies something, it is called a “dangling modifier.” This often happens with beginning participial phrases, making “dangling participles” an all too common phenomenon. In the sentence below, we can’t have a car changing its own oil.

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Tìm hiểu về Uyển ngữ – Euphemism

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euphemism is a polite expression used in place of words or phrases that otherwise might be considered harsh or unpleasant to hear. Euphemisms are used regularly, and there are many examples in every day language.

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