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Monthly Archives: Tháng Mười Hai 2015

Cách tránh một số lỗi quan trọng – consistency – trong viết tiếng Anh – Avoiding shifts in writing English [2]

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Misfits and Bad Equations
(sometimes called “Mixed Constructions”)

Bài [2] này có một vài nội dung giống như bài [1], bổ sung thêm ví dụ minh họa.


Think of a sentence as a kind of mathematical structure, an equation requiring two parts: the subject, which is what any sentence is about, and the predicate, which is what we’re going to say about this subject. Sometimes we set up both in ways that are perfectly reasonable, separately, but when we put the two together, they just don’t fit.

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Cách tránh một số lỗi quan trọng – consistency – trong viết tiếng Anh – Avoiding shifts in writing English [1]

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Clip by Marvita Gowdy on Youtube. Thanks for sharing.


Writers should keep the elements in a sentence consistent, avoiding any unnecessary changes in tense, voice, mood, person, number, and discourse.  Such unnecessary changes, or “shifts”, may make reading difficult and obscure the sentence’s meaning for readers.

See more below:

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MERRY CHRISTMAS AND HAPPY NEW YEAR!!!

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MERRY CHRISTMAS AND HAPPY NEW YEAR!!!

Clip by CelticWomenVEVO on Youtube. Thanks for sharing.


Christmas comes but once a year

Because Christmas only happens once a year, we should be kind and generous as it is a special time.

“Christmas comes but once a year, so we urge you to give generously to our Christmas charity collection.”

like turkeys voting for (an early) Christmas

If people are like turkeys (the large bird eaten at Christmas) voting for Christmas, they choose to accept a situation which will have very bad results for them.

“Oil companies asking their customers to use less oil is like turkeys voting for Christmas.”

like Christmas came early

When you receive some unexpected good news or good fortune, you can describe it as Christmas coming early. The good news/fortune is a ‘present’.

“Christmas came early for Disney. Their latest film ‘Disney’s A Christmas Carol’, starring Jim Carrey, made $31 million dollars in its opening weekend.”

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Học tiếng Anh và tìm hiểu nước Mỹ qua 100 câu hỏi phỏng vấn quốc tịch – 100 official questions and answers for US Citizenship Naturalization Test

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Clip by KateLalit on Youtube. Thanks for sharing.


Nghe audio bên dưới:


Civics (History and Government) Questions for the Naturalization Test

 

The 100 civics (history and government) questions and answers for the naturalization test are listed below. The civics test is an oral test and the USCIS Officer will ask the applicant up to 10 of the 100 civics questions. An applicant must answer 6 out of 10 questions correctly to pass the civics portion of the naturalization test.

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Lưu ý: Một vài động từ có hai dạng quá khứ – Verbs with two different past tense forms

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Verbs with two different past tense forms

While many of the most common verbs in English are irregular (e.g. bring, forget), regular verbs far outnumber them. To form their past tenses regular verbs just add -ed or -d to their base form, e.g. talk => talked.

In particular, verbs that derive from nouns follow this regular pattern without exception. Indeed, this pattern is so firmly imprinted in our brains as a basic process for making nouns into verbs that if you were asked to make the invented noun flixxle into a verb you would automatically know how to.

However, there is a very small group of verbs whose past tenses can be either regular or irregular. They include:

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Cách thể hiện phân số, số thập phân, số tiền trong viết tiếng Anh – Fraction, Decimals, Money

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Clip by APPUSERIES on Youtube. Thanks for sharing.


 

Below is a list of rules for writing fractions, decimals and money amounts. Very useful…

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Cách thể hiện ngày tháng trong viết tiếng Anh – Writing the Date

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Clip by JenniferESL on Youtube. Thanks for sharing.


 

There are several different ways to write the date in English. They vary from formal to informal, and there are differences between British and American English. The following table shows some typical formats.

See more below:

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Cách thể hiện số trong viết tiếng Anh – Một số nguyên tắc chung – Presenting numbers in English (General)

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Clip by Educatordotcom on Youtube. Thanks for sharing.


Bài bên dưới là các quy định chung về cách thể hiện số và chữ số trong European Commission. Sự khác nhau nếu có giữa các quy định của các nguồn khác nhau là không đáng kể. Có thể sử dụng cho viết formal English.

Xem thêm bài: Mười quy tắc viết số và chữ số

Hoặc có thể xem thêm tại đây

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Tăng vốn từ với tiền tố và hậu tố trong tiếng Anh – Prefixes and Suffixes in English

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Diane Frymire’s clip on Youtube. Thanks for sharing.


Xem thêm bài: Cách mở rộng vốn từ tiếng Anh


Affixes and roots

Adding affixes to existing words (the base or root) to form new words is common in academic English.

Prefixes are added to the front of the base (like right arrow dislike), whereas suffixes are added to the end of the base (active right arrow activate).

Prefixes usually do not change the class of the base word, but suffixes usually do change the class of the word.

The most common prefixes used to form new verbs in academic English are: re-, dis-, over-, un-, mis-, out-. The most common suffixes are: -ise, -en, -ate, -(i)fy. By far the most common affix in academic English is -ise.

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Các dạng thức rút gọn trong tiếng Anh – Informal Contractions in the English language

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Informal Contractions

A contraction is a shortened version of the written and spoken forms of a word, syllable, or word group, created by omission of internal letters (actually, sounds).

In linguistic analysis, contractions should not be confused with abbreviations nor acronyms (including initialisms), with which they share some semantic andphonetic functions, though all three are connoted by the term “abbreviation” in loose parlance. Contraction is also distinguished from clipping, where beginnings and endings are omitted.

The definition overlaps with the grammatical term portmanteau (a linguistic blend), but a distinction can be made between a portmanteau and a contraction by noting that contractions are formed from words that would otherwise appear together in sequence, such as do and not, whereas a portmanteau word is formed by combining two or more existing words that all relate to a singular concept which the portmanteau describes.

Clip on Youtube. Thanks for sharing. 

[WARNING! This song may not be appropriate for some ages and audiences].

LYRICS

Whatcha doin’ tonight, baby?
I kinda like your style, lady.
Wanna hang out for a while, honey?
I’m gonna drive you wild, so try me!
Gimme everything you’ve got, baby.
Lemme see the lot, lady.
We really gotta rock, honey.

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Các dạng thức rút gọn trong tiếng Anh – Common Contractions in the English Language

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A contraction is a shortened version of the written and spoken forms of a word, syllable, or word group, created by omission of internal letters (actually, sounds).

In linguistic analysis, contractions should not be confused with abbreviations nor acronyms (including initialisms), with which they share some semantic andphonetic functions, though all three are connoted by the term “abbreviation” in loose parlance. Contraction is also distinguished from clipping, where beginnings and endings are omitted.

The definition overlaps with the grammatical term portmanteau (a linguistic blend), but a distinction can be made between a portmanteau and a contraction by noting that contractions are formed from words that would otherwise appear together in sequence, such as do and not, whereas a portmanteau word is formed by combining two or more existing words that all relate to a singular concept which the portmanteau describes.

Common contractions in the English language

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Tiếp tục về khác biệt tiếng Anh Anh và Anh Mỹ – British vs. American English

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Khác biệt về phát âm tiếng Anh Anh và Anh Mỹ

Clip on Youtube. Thanks for sharing.


 

While there are plenty of other dialects of spoken English, American and British are the most commonly taught in ESL/ESOL/EFL courses. Perhaps that’s because there are literally millions of Americans and the fact that British accents are pretty dreamy. British English and American English are both valued and respected, despite those who often assert that one is better or easier to understand than the other. The similarities between the two far outweigh the differences, but those differences can sometimes really impact understanding. See more below:

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Người mới nhập cư cần biết – English for new Americans

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Một clip tuyệt cú mèo về Health, Home và Community

Clip on Youtube. Thanks for sharing.

Một số “cấu kiện” hay dùng về ăn uống – Eating and drinking phases

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Clip on Youtube. Thanks for sharing.


Xem thêm bài: Một số cách nói về ăn uống – food and cooking 

và bài Thành ngữ về đồ ăn – Food idioms


 

Going out for a drink

  • Let’s go for a drink! / Let’s go down the pub! / Let’s go out for a few bevvies. / a few jars. -Let’s go to my local public house – the pub – for some drinks.
  • We’re going to paint the town red. / We’re going to go on a bar crawl. – We’re going to several pubs or bars.
  • I’ll get the booze!- I’ll buy the beer!
  • A glass of bubbly – A glass of champagne or sparkling wine.
  • That wine is corked! It tastes like vinegar. -the wine is bad.
  • chaser – A measure of a spirit such as whisky or rum which you drink with beer.
  • double – 2 measures of spirits. A single measure is usually 1/5 of a gill – 25 ml.
  • drop of the hard stuff – Some spirits rather than beer or wine.
  • soft drink – A non-alcoholic drink.

See more below:

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