– Alô! Con chim nhỏ của anh à?
– Không! Chim bố đây.
– Ấy chết! Cháu xin lỗi bác! Bác có khỏe không ạ?
– Khỏe để đánh nhau với ai?
– Dạ… cho cháu hỏi Hoài có nhà không ạ?
– Nó không có nhà thì là dân vô gia cư à?
– Dạ, dạ… ý cháu là Hoài có ở nhà không ạ?
– Nếu không thì sao?
– Thế… Hoài đi đâu ạ?
– Đến cơ quan rồi.
– Bác cho cháu số điện thoại của Hoài được không ạ?
– Nó có nhiều số lắm.
– Bác cho cháu xin một số thôi ạ!
– … 8 rồi… mấy nữa ạ?
– Thì cậu bảo chỉ cần một số thôi mà!
– Dạ bác cho cháu xin nốt mấy số còn lại luôn ạ
– 7 8 5 4 8 1 8 2, còn sắp xếp sao thì tuỳ cậu! (Cúp máy đánh xoạch)
Clip by Anglo-Link on Youtube. Thanks for sharing.
I finished the course a month ago.
I cooked dinner.
We saw Jamie yesterday.
Notice that we naturally use time expressions with the past simple – yesterday, amonth ago, 2005, etc. Remember that when we use one of these words or phrases, we do not use the present perfect tense:
I’ve been to the USA in 2008.
I went to the USA in 2008.
So when do we use the present perfect tense to talk about past events? (The present perfect is the verb have + the past participle of a verb.) There are a number of uses, but the one thing that joins them all together is that they in some way relate the past to the present. Let’s look at some examples:
1 I’ve lived here since 2006.
2 I’m not hungry, thanks – I’ve already had dinner.
3 I’ve been to New York.
4 I’ve seen that film four times.
5 Rebecca has had a baby girl.
The speaker is talking about a period of time in the past right up until the present. The present perfect here expresses the way in which the action started in the past, but did not finish in the past.
The action of having dinner was in the past, but there is an effect on the present – the speaker is not now hungry. Here, the present perfect describes a past event that has a result now.
The speaker means that at some point in the whole of their life, (from when they were born right up until the present), they went to New York. They do not tell usexactly when they went. This is an important use of the present perfect.
As with Example 3, the time period here is the past right up until the present. Note here the use of the present perfect for talking about how many times something has happened until now.
Here, the speaker uses the present perfect to say what has just happened – to announce news. The action is in the past, but it is the very recent past and theeffects of the action are still being experienced now. (Remember that when the speaker has announced the news and they then give more information about the event, they usually change to the past simple tense):
Rebecca has had a baby boy! He was born at three o’clock yesterday. It all wentreally well, apparently.
It is worth noting that American speakers of English use the present perfect less than British speakers to talk about a past event with a present result (Example 2):
I’ve hurt my leg and I can’t walk properly.
I’ve hurt my leg and I can’t walk properly. or I hurt my leg and I can’t walk properly.
Another difference is that in British English, the words just, yet and already are often used with the present perfect tense. In American English, these words are also used with the past simple tense.
I’ve just seen him.
Have you called your mother yet?
I’ve already invited him.
I just saw him or I’ve just seen him.
Did you call your mother yet? or Have you called your mother yet?
I already invited him or I’ve already invited him.