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Dấu câu: Dấu ngoặc kép/dấu phẩy ngược

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Mẹ lật đật tìm chiếc điện thoại nhắn tin cho con gái: “May dang o dau?”
Con gái nhắn lại: “Con di cho!”
Mẹ: “Tao hoi may dang o dau?”
Con gái: “Di cho di cho, con di cho!”
Mẹ: “Do mat day, may dam chui tao la con di cho a?”
Hóa ra cô con gái nhắn: “Con đi chợ” nhưng vì không dấu nên bị hiểu nhầm.


Inverted commas can be single – ‘x’ – or double – ‘’x‘’. They are also known as quotation marksspeech marks, orquotes.


Main uses

Inverted commas are mainly used in the following cases:

  • to mark the beginning and end of direct speech (i.e. a speaker’s words written down exactly as they were spoken):

‘That,’ he said, ‘is nonsense.’

‘What time will he arrive?’ she asked.

See more information about how to use punctuation when you’re writing direct speech.

  • to mark off a word or phrase that’s being discussed, or that’s being directly quoted from somewhere else:

He called this phenomenon ‘the memory of water’.

What does ‘integrated circuit’ mean?

Single or double?

There’s no rule about which to use but you should stick to one or the other throughout a piece of writing. Single inverted commas are generally more common in British English while American English tends to prefer double ones.

If you find that you need to enclose quoted material within direct speech or another quotation, use the style you haven’t used already. So, if you’ve been using single inverted commas, put any further quoted material within double ones and vice versa. For example:

She still sounds amazed when she says: ‘We were turned down because “we represented too small a minority of the population”. They could still get away with saying things like that then.’


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